What does the abbreviation "MZ" or "M3" mean in the Creed column of the 1897 Russian census? #russia #translation #records


Ilya Zeldes
 

You're welcome, Ben!
 
Yes, I, too, screened many pages of the 1897 All-Russia Census and only once or twice run into this MZ. I have no explanation for this...
 
 
Ilya Zeldes
North Fort Myers, FL

--
Ilya Zeldes
North Fort Myers, FL


Jules Levin
 

The Russian government was not adverse to having official subdivisions
within minority groups [after all, Russians themselves were officially
subdivided by class].  For example, in the annuals published in
Lithuania on the local ethnogeography, there are 3 official Jewish
religions:  Hasidim, Misnagdim, and Karaites.  [The orphanage organized
by the Vilna Gaon also included the Karaim as a Jewish branch.]  By 1897
there existed a Russophone wealthy community that built the Choral
Synagogues in the large cities, including St. Petersburg.  They used a
bilingual siddur--Russian and Hebrew.  There were Jewish newspapers
published in Russian.  It was a peculiarly Russian Reform movement. 
"Mosaic Law" might be referring to membership in such a synagogue.  
Russia had no tolerance for unofficial splinter groups, especially if
they originated in the Orthodox Church. Evangelical Christian sects were
never tolerated and were treated worse than the Jews.

Jules Levin, Los Angeles


On 5/21/2021 8:43 AM, ben.zitomer@... wrote:
Thank you for that explanation, Ilya. Do you know why only the first
four Volodarsky family members were listed with "Moses' Law", while
the the other four members were listed as Jewish with the notation
"Iud/Yud"? What is the difference between "M3" and "Iud"? I've gone
through thousands of census pages, and this is the only record I've
seen that used the abbreviation "M3".

Thank you,
Ben Zitomer
ben.zitomer@...


ben.zitomer@...
 

Thank you for that explanation, Ilya. Do you know why only the first four Volodarsky family members were listed with "Moses' Law", while the the other four members were listed as Jewish with the notation "Iud/Yud"? What is the difference between "M3" and "Iud"? I've gone through thousands of census pages, and this is the only record I've seen that used the abbreviation "M3". 

Thank you,
Ben Zitomer
ben.zitomer@...


Ilya Zeldes
 

Most likely, "М.З." means abbreviation for the "Моисева Закона", meaning "Moses' Law", or Jewish.
 
 
Ilya Zeldes
North Fort Myers, FL

--
Ilya Zeldes
North Fort Myers, FL


ben.zitomer@...
 

Does anyone know the meaning of the abbreviation "MZ" or "M3" in the Creed column of the 1897 Russian census? The census page for my great-great-grandparents, Avrum & Rifka Volodarskiy, lists eight family members. The first four members have the notation "MZ" (or it could be M3) in the Creed column. The other four family members are listed as Jewish. I have not come across this notation in any other census records. 
 
Below is the link to the census file, which is for the village of Horodyshche-Pustovarovsky. My family's record is on page 123 of the pdf: 


Thank you,
Ben Zitomer
ben.zitomer@...