Jewish-Uzbek Historical Archives Open to the Public #announcements #records

Jan Meisels Allen



Uzbekistan is a central Asian nation and former part of the Soviet Republic. As reported by the Jerusalem Post, it is now officially researching and documenting its Jewish community. Jews have there since the region was crushed by the hooves Genghis Khan’s horses.  “This also includes hundreds of thousands of Jews who managed to escape the chains of Germany’s Panzer tanks.”

When the Nazis invaded the Soviet Union, Uzbekistan opened its doors to Jews and other fleeing the Germans.

As reported, “The Central State Archive of the Republic of Uzbekistan has been instructed to make information about the lives of Jews during World War II and before available to the public. The archive is also currently in the process of signing an agreement with the Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People in Jerusalem, and soon afterward also with Yad Vashem.”


Almost “every family in Uzbekistan was affected by World War II, as the country was still part of the Soviet Union at the time. More than 580,000 Uzbek nationals lost their lives, including tens of thousands of Jews. Some 100,000 Soviet factories in areas conquered by the Wehrmacht were relocated to Uzbekistan. These factories produced arms and ammunition, which were then shipped to the front. Most importantly, Uzbekistan became a sanctuary for refugees fleeing from Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Poland and Serbia.” It was the Uzbek tradition of hospitality that saved 1.5 million people, including over 200,000 Jews.


The Uzbekistan archives website is located at:


If you use Chrome as your browser it will provide English translation to some of the material. If not use a translation service such as google translate

or DeepL


More information on the Archives, not Jewish-specific may be seen at:

To read more see:


Jan Meisels Allen

Chairperson, IAJGS Public Records Access Monitoring Committee