German address matching--Max KNISBACHER and the Adass Jisroel school #germany


Jeffrey Knisbacher
 

My late father, Max KNISBACHER, attended the modern Orthodox ("Enlightened" Orthodox) Adass Jisroel school from 1919 until he graduated the 10th year in 1929. The 1912, 1913 and 1914 Berliner Adressbuch lsitings for my paternal grandfather Jsak Moses KNISBACHER show the family lived at 24 Grenadier Strasse (today Almstadtstrasse) in the heart of the largely Ostjuden Berlin district of Mitte.  (See attached Berlin district map). On September 28, 1918, just a few weeks before the end of WWI my grandfather passed away from the effects of the Spanish flu that he contracted while serving in the Austro-Hungarian army. At some point before or after that the family moved to 19 Prenzlauer Strasse (from the 1921, 1922, 1924, 1926 and 1928 Berliner Adressbuch listings for my paternal grandmother Cilli Szydlow KNISBACHER). What I am trying to find out is if the 19 Prenzlauer address reflects a location close to the Adass Jisroel school that my father attended.

From the book "Adass Jisroel, die Jüdische Gemeinde in Berlin (1869-1942) Vernichtet und Vergessen" it appears that the main Adass Jisroel school, through 1928, was at 31 Artillierie Strasse (today 40 Tucholdsky Strasse) also in the heart of Berlin's Mitte district. But a separate facility was also located in the higher rent Charlottenberg district west of Mitte (Wielandstrasse), for those congregants who had already moved up into that area, so that their children would not face the dangers of an hours long street car or city rail ride. The same book also lists several members of the Adass Jisroel community in 1898 living at various addresses on Prenzlauer Stresse. Can anyone tell me if the 19 Prenzlauer address would reflect a desire on the part of his family for my then young father to be close to his school, possibly within walking distance?   Jeff Knisbacher


Andreas Schwab
 

Number 19 Prenzlauer Strasse is between Hirtenstrasse and Alexanderstrasse and is the location of today's Pressehaus am Alexanderplatz at 29 Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse. It's a 20 min walk from there to the school at Artilleriestrasse. 24 Grenadierstrasse was at the corner of Münzstrasse, today Almstadtstrasse 1, 4 min walk from 19 Prenzlauer Strasse. All these addresses are in Berlin-Mitte near Alexanderplatz. Chralottenburg is far more west. 
The numbering of street adresses in Belin have often changed. One can find the numbering of the street addresses at the address section of the Berliner Adressbuch, usually labeled "Strassen und Häuser von Berlin". At the beginning of this section there is a list of all Berlin streets with the page where the street appears. Here is an example for Grenadierstrasse 1914:
https://digital.zlb.de/viewer/image/34115495_1914/4409/
Prenzlauer Strasse 1928 ie here:
https://digital.zlb.de/viewer/image/34115495_1928/5979/
See also this page on the history of the Adass Jisroel schools: https://adassjisroel.de/en/yesterday/the-schools-of-adass-yisroel/


Andreas Schwab, Montreal, Canada