polish citizenship passport issued in Warsaw in 1921 #poland

Diego Schvarzstein

We just found the passport that my grandfather's brother used to travel
from Poland to Argentina in august 1921. Those this means he had polish
citizenship or could it be just a travel document?
He was born in Polonnoye and fled the ukranian shtetl when her mother
was killed in a pogrom around 1919.

Diego Schvarzstein

Researching: Schwarzstein from Polonnoye and Lyubar, Ukraine
Diego Schvarzstein
Reserching Schvarzstein from Polonne and Lyubar, Fainsod from Bialystok

angel kosfiszer

Some areas on the west of the current Ukraine were part of Poland and that may be the reason his passport is Polish. Welcome to the world of European history and changing boundaries. Regards.


Angel Kosfiszer

Richardson, Texas

Frank Szmulowicz

Map of divided Volhynia (blue) between Ukrainian and Polish (Wołyń) part, and Eastern Galicia (orange) in 1939

In 1921, after the end of the Polish–Soviet War, the treaty known as the Peace of Riga divided the Volhynian Governorate between Poland and the Soviet Union. Poland took the larger part and established Volhynian Voivodeship.

Most of eastern Volhynian Governorate became part of the Ukrainian SSR, eventually being split into smaller districts. During that period, a number of national districts were formed within the Soviet Ukraine as part of cultural liberalization. The policies of Polonization in Poland led to formations of various resistance movements in West Ukraine and West Belarus, including Volhynia. In 1931 the Vatican of the Roman Catholic Church established a Ukrainian Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Volhynia, Polesia and Pidliashia (Wolhynien, Polissia und Pidliashia in German), where the congregation practiced the Byzantine Rite in Ukrainian language.

From 1935 to 1938 the government of the Soviet Union deported numerous nationals from Volhynia in a population transfer to Siberia and central Asia, as part of the dekulakization, an effort to suppress peasant farmers in the region. These people included Poles of Eastern Volhynia (see Population transfer in the Soviet Union).

Frank Szmulowicz