This week's Yizkor book excerpt on the JewishGen Facebook page #yizkorbooks #poland #JewishGenUpdates
Before the horror of the Nazis, Jews suffered and died through waves of pogroms earlier in the century. Many began with a “blood libel,” or the accusation that Jews murdered a Christian child to use its blood for ritual purposes, like the 1903 pogrom in Kishinev which captured world attention.
“The Pogrom of the 1st to the 3rd June 1906” from the Yizkor of Bialystock (Poland) was not rooted in that libel but in a pre-meditated, largely attacks orchestrated by anti-Semitic Russian police and officials.
What stands out about this excerpt is its detailed account of the genesis of the pogrom and how it was carried out over a series of days. The toll it took was 80 Jews killed and more than 80 wounded. Three plants were robbed, along with 120 stores and houses of commerce and more than 100 residences.
The Bialystok pogrom differed from all earlier pogroms on Jews in that it took place in the time when Russia already had a State Duma [lower house of parliament] which undertook an investigation of what happened and concluded that the pogrom was prepared by the police and the highest government powers. Instead of answering these findings, the Czarist government, embarrassed by this finding, dissolved the Duma.
Silver Spring, MD
Researching: DRACH, EBERT, KIMMEL, ZLOTNICK
Towns: Wojnilow, Kovel