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Records for Aliens Held for Special Inquiry - 305-Cert #usa #general


philafrum
 

Genners,
 
Abraham Leibowitz, 20 years old, arrived in New York City on October 17, 1913 aboard the SS Graf Waldersee.  He's listed on the Records for Aliens Held for Special Inquiry, and the cause for detention was "305-Cert."
 
I haven't been able to find an explanation for this designation-- "305 Cert."  Please advise.
 
Thanks in advance.  Shabbat shalom and chag Sukkot sameach.
 
Evan Fishman
 

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Evan Fishman
New Jersey
MANDELSTEIN, LISNITZER, ADELMAN, PRESSEISEN, BURSTEIN, UDIN--Ukraine
FISHMAN--Terespol, Poland
FINKEL-- Brest Litovsk, Belarus


Susan&David
 

Cert 305 is, most likely, related to the requirement to have a bond of financial support from a friend or family member if the immigrant was denied admission for LPC (Likely Public Charge)   Abraham was held for tn days before the issue was resolved in his favor.

This is from:  https://www.uscis.gov/about-us/our-history/history-office-and-library/our-history/public-charge-provisions-of-immigration-law-a-brief-historical-background#_ftnref21

"Aliens held as inadmissible by the BSI could appeal the decision to Immigration Service Headquarters. A majority of immigrants who appealed the BSI decision were admitted on appeal. In many of these cases the Immigration Service required a bond of financial support from  a friend or family member as a condition of admission."
 
David Rosen
Boston, MA


On 10/2/2020 5:26 AM, philafrum wrote:
Genners,
 
Abraham Leibowitz, 20 years old, arrived in New York City on October 17, 1913 aboard the SS Graf Waldersee.  He's listed on the Records for Aliens Held for Special Inquiry, and the cause for detention was "305-Cert."
 
I haven't been able to find an explanation for this designation-- "305 Cert."  Please advise.
 
Thanks in advance.  Shabbat shalom and chag Sukkot sameach.
 
Evan Fishman
 

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Marian
 

It looks to me that Abraham was held as a LPC (likely to become a public charge) based on a medical certificate issued by one of the medical examiners.

The "305" is most likely the time he was referred for a BSI hearing and recorded on the BSI list.  Times are important because an excluded immigrant will have 48 hours to appeal the mere fact of their referral, so the clock began ticking at 3:05 that day and one expects his first hearing to occur within 48 hours of that time.  His first hearing was on the 19th, the second the 21st, and the third on the 27th.  It appears he was finally admitted at 3:40 that afternoon.  One usually sees the times noted at the right of the same column, but in this case they were typed in right after the cause of exclusion (in his case, LPC).

It is possible the time he was held was used by his friends or family to overcome the exclusion, maybe by posting bond.  Unfortunately I find no indication of any correspondence with Washington, DC, on the matter.  As a result no other records of the time/event survive (to my knowledge).

Marian Smith