What was the purpose of this document issued in Czarist Russia? -Pervia Gilda #general #russia


Ellen Shindelman Kowitt
 

I'm familiar with this merchant class in the Russian Empire, although I've not seen one of these passports. My ggf was a member of what our family called the "first glitzy," and it was rare for Jews to have this status. Yosef Shindelman owned multiple factories and conducted international business in the leather trade circa late 1890s -1917, including being a supplier of boots to the government for the Russo-Japanese War. His wealth was stripped by the Soviets in the 1920s and early 1930s.
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Ellen Shindelman Kowitt
Director, US Research Division
Colorado
ekowitt@...