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When were Jews in Galicia (Poland and now Ukraine) allowed to have passports? #galicia

Richard Stower
 

When were Jews in Galicia (Poland and now Ukraine) allowed to have passports? Where would applications be found?

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Richard Stower <rstower@...>

Lewis, Megan
 

In the 1920's and 1930's Jews were able to get passports.  USHMM has records from the Stanislawow region. I cannot speak about earlier periods because that is out of scope for our collections.

Megan Lewis, reference librarian
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Richard Stower
 

Richard Stower
Yarmouth, Maine

Researching: SECHESTOWER, THAU, SPIERMAN (Kolomea, Stanislau)
KANNER, SMITZ or variations, WERNER (Dobrowa Tarnowska), GROSS  (Chortkiv)

mamabirdlouise@...
 

My grandfather applied for and received a passport in 1912 for purposes of going abroad to work.  I have the application but not the passport, and it does say "passport."  Since a passport is needed for foreign travel, I believe this was what we would consider a true passport.
--
Louise Goldstein  <mamabirdlouise@...>    https://familyhistorieslouise.com/

List the surnames/towns that you are researching in the JewishGen Family Finder.
Go to 
https://www.jewishgen.org/jgff and click on ENTER/MODIFY.

Joan A. Baronberg
 

Richard, I have a 4 page PDF copy of my great grandfather’s Passport from Galicia in 1929. He lived in Suchostow and the passport seems to have been granted in “Brzezany.” I suppose this doesn’t tell you when the first passport for anyone was issued, but I can say that Pinkas Weisser used this passport for leaving Europe on the ship “France” and entering NY immigration. He then settled in Brooklyn, N.Y. until his death, living with his eldest daughter.

Joan Baronberg, Denver CO, USA
MESTER, WEISER/WEISSER, FRIEDMAN
Suchostow, Strusov, Sloboda bei Strusov

Mark Jacobson
 

Jews in Galicia were emancipated and given rights of citizenship by the Austrians in the 1860s, the right to a passport would be included. Some people obtained passprts, but passports were not needed for travel to the United States until after World War I. By that time Galicia was part of the new nation of Poland and Jews who emigrated obtained Polish passports as Polish citizens.

Mark Jacobson
Past President, JGSPBCI
Gesher Galicia Board member
JRI-Poland Town Leader Boryslaw and Drohobycz
Boca Raton, FL

DOGULOV/DOVGALEVSKY - Tripolye/Vasilkov/Kiev Ukraine;
COHEN/KANA/KAHAN - Tripolye, Ukraine;
JACOBSON - Polotsk/Lepel, Belarus; KOBLENTZ - Polotsk, Belarus;
KAMERMAN/KAMMERMANN, WEGNER - Drohobycz, Galicia;
KOPPEL - Stebnik/Drohobycz, Galicia;
JACOBI - Stratyn/Rohatyn, Galicia; ROTHLEIN - Stratyn/Rohatyn, Galicia;
TUCHFELD - Rzeszow/Stryj/Lvov, Galicia; GOLDSTEIN - Ranizow, Galicia


On Thursday, May 28, 2020, 10:15:14 AM EDT, Richard Stower <rstower@...> wrote:


When were Jews in Galicia (Poland and now Ukraine) allowed to have passports? Where would applications be found?

Signing your full name to all your messages furthers the spirit of community and mutual assistance that our group depends on.
                            Full name and place of residence & email address is even better.

Richard Stower <rstower@...>

Alexander Sharon
 

Galician passport (Reise-pass)

In the second half of the nineteenth century, the citizens of Galicia enjoyed many personal and political freedoms.
A person crossing state borders did not have to be controlled by border services since during the time of the constitutional monarchy, there were no passport requirements in Austro-Hungary.
The final lifting of the mandatory control of passports at the state border took place by the imperial decree of November 6, 1865.
Instead, an obligation has been introduced to identify the bodies authorized to do so at each request.
Following the instructions of March 6, 1857, police authorities within the country could demand the presentation of an appropriate document only from a person suspected of having violated the law or even seemed "undesirable".
Therefore, it was in the traveler's interest to present a travel document, as it could be evidence of innocence in the event of a suspected offense.

Passports issued in 1900 had 16 pages. They were issued on the identical, printed form.

Personal details of the passport holder, such as: name and surname, employment, residence in the poviat, the crown country were shown on the first page.
The second page contained a description of the owner (Personsbeschreibung des Inhabers) and his signature.
The third page provided the purpose and duration of the document, the fourth page mentioned persons (with a sketch) traveling with the passport holder.

Detailed guidelines regarding all the required requirements to be met when issuing passports in Galicia were contained in a rescript of the Galicia c.k. Governorship from August 12, 1890.

This included information about the documents required for travel to America: "To avoid possible obstacles on the road, may Austrian male subjects, provided they are under 45, obtain one of the following documents before traveling to America:

1. Passport issued for a trip to America; or
2. Confirmation of the " starostwo" administration that he had fulfilled his duty to appear before the Conscript Committee 
3. Proof of payment of the military fee or release from it, or
4. Certificate  releasing person from the Army, Navy or the National defense, if the certificate does not contain the provision that the owner of the same is still obliged to appear before the Recruitment Commission; or
5. Briefing from military service ("Abscheid"); or Landstrum-pass ") or
6. For men over 45 years old, and for women and adult girls, a workers' book or a certificate of morality 

Minors must have a passport or a permit to travel to America, issued by their father or guardian and confirmed by the relevant c.k. Governorship or municipal office.
Such permission is even necessary if the minor travels in the company of his mother, who does not have any official document, confirming that she is the only guardian of the minor.
-------------------------------------------------
Please note that above text is Google translated from the article titled: "Galician Passport" (Reise-pass) from the publication of Rzeszow Ethnographic Museum. It also exhibits sample of the Galicai Passport at
http://muzeumetnograficzne.rzeszow.pl/stara/node/1

Best,

Alexander Sharon
Calgary, AB






Meyer Denn
 

Where would one go to find an application for a passport from 1920?
 
Meyer Denn
Beit Shemesh, Israel

Adelle Gloger
 

My father came from Tarnopol in 1921 when he was 15 years old. I have his Polish passport with his photo.
 
Adelle Weintraub Gloger
Beachwood, Ohio
agloger@...

Shelley Mitchell
 

What I found interesting about passports from Galicia was the difference, for example, of a Polish passport and an Austrian one.  I have my grandmother's Polish passport from late 1920 which she used to come to America. I don't have my grandfather's.  I know he served in WW I which I understand is part of the reason she married so late. Because of no civil marriage, she is called by her maiden surname.  It also mentions her aunt for some reason. This is an aunt I know little about, save what I found on JRI-Poland for her children by a man who is only mentioned on one birth certificate.  Can someone tell me what it mentions about Feige Terner?  What's also interesting is that both of her parents were alive at this point. Please let me know if there is any difficulty reading it. 
Thank you.

--
Shelley Mitchell, NYC    shemit@...
Searching for TERNER, GOLDSCHEIN, KONIGSBERG, SCHONFELD, in Kolomyya; PLATZ, in Delaytn; and TOPF, in Radautz and Kolomea.
MODERATOR NOTE: Please reply privately

Richard Stower
 

Thank you all for your responses. They give me some information and context. I do not have any passports of my ancestors so I am also looking for any archive in Ukraine or Poland that might have files of applications. Any suggestions?

Researching: SECHESTOWER, THAU, SPIERMAN (Kolomea, Stanislau)
KANNER, SMITZ or variations, WERNER (Dobrowa Tarnowska), GROSS  (Chortkiv)

Richard Stower
Yarmouth, Maine